ARKK vs VGHCX Fund Comparison

A comparison between ARKK and VGHCX based on their expense ratio, growth, holdings and how well they match their benchmark performance.

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Minafi's Take on ARKK vs VGHCX

Here's an in depth look at the differences between ARK Innovation ETF ($ARKK) and Vanguard Health Care Fund Investor Shares ($VGHCX).

To start off, here's a look at the basics of each fund. Keep an eye on the FI Score. That's a custom score from 0 to 100 that we generate based on how good this fund is for the casual investor. Most investors only need a handful of total funds in their portfolio. The higher the score, the more likely this is one of those few. Score alone isn't enough! Keep reading on to see how different (or perhaps similar) these two funds are.

53% FI Score
  • arkk
  • ETF
  • Sector Equity
  • Healthcare

ARK Innovation ETF

Expenses: 0.75% (Better than 1% of similar funds)

This is an OK choice for a Healthcare Sector Equity fund. See why »

77% FI Score
  • vghcx
  • Mutual Fund
  • Sector Equity
  • Healthcare

Vanguard Health Care Fund Investor Shares

Expenses: 0.32% (Better than 1% of similar funds)

This is an OK choice for a Healthcare Sector Equity fund. See why »

$ARKK is classified as an ETF while $VGHCX is classified as a Mutual Fund. Even though one of these is a mutual fund and the other is an ETF, that doesn't matter too much for their holdings. Both ETFs and mutual funds are just containers to hold lots of investments inside of them.

The biggest differences between these two is where they may be offered. ETFs are more widely availble from a larger number of investment apps and websites. Mutual funds, on the other hand, are generally offered by the platform they're issued by (Fidelity funds on Fidelity, Vanguard funds on Vanguard). Usually 401(k)'s will offer both ETFs and Mutual Funds. If you're investing outside of a 401(k), I'd recommend you verify the fees associated with ETF and mutual fund transactions. Some platforms charge an additional fee to purchase a mutual fund.

To learn more about the difference between these two, you can read about the difference between ETFs and Mutual Funds.

When evaluating a fund, the first things I look at are:

  • What it invests in
  • How much it charges in fees
  • How large the fund is

Let's look into these criteria one by one and see if either of these funds stands out.

Fund Holdings Comparison

Both of these funds are Sector Equity Healthcare funds – which means they're likely both investing in about the same investments behind the scenes.

Minafi's FI Score algorithm takes into account the category and market. The more niche a fund is, the lower the score. This doesn't mean it's a worse fund, but it does mean you should stop and make sure this a fund you need to diversify your portfolio.

Market Score 8.4 /10 9.9 /10
Category Score 0.0 /10 0.0 /10
Total 8.4 9.9

A score of 10 means this is a solid market and category that almost every investor will want to have investments in. The lower the score, the more specific the investment. These scores are based on when most investors would add these funds to their portfolio. A score of 10 means that this fund (or one like it) belongs in a three-fund portfolio. The lower the score, the farther down in your portfolio a fund would go.

Winner: $VGHCX

Fee Comparison

Fees are one of the biggest killers of portfolio growth. The difference between a 2% fee and a 0.04% fee over 30 years can result in your portfolio having half the total value!

If you're just getting started investing and learning how fees impact your portfolio, I'd encourage you to read through my free investment course (specifically '2.2 - All About Fees') where I go over all the different types of fees you can be charged and how to lower them.

For these two funds, ARKK has an expense ratio of 0.75% while VGHCX has an expense ratio of 0.32%.

Winner: $VGHCX

Fund Size Comparison

Both ARKK and VGHCX have a similar number of assets under management. ARKK has 3.65 Billion in assets under management, while VGHCX has 48.4 Billion.

Minafi categorizes both of these funds as large funds. Fund size is a good indication of how many other investors trust this fund. A large fund by itself doesn't mean it's a good fund, but it is one thing to consider when figuring out how to choose the right fund.

Winner: tie

Which Should You Choose? ARKK or VGHCX?

Since both of these funds are Sector Equity Healthcare funds, you'll most likely only need to invest in one of these funds – not both. Running both of these funds through Minafi's FI Score algorithm, gives ARKK a score of 53 and VGHCX a score of 77.

Since both of these have a similar FI Score, the difference between these two if minimal. A higher FI Score doesn't mean future growth will be higher, but it does mean that it better fits criteria for a good fund. Neither of these funds has an FI Score above 90 – which is a red flag. I'd look into more funds to find one with a higher FI Score.

Winner: Neither, I'd research more funds if you're looking to invest for retirement.


ARK Innovation ETF


Read More
Rating Type Rating
Diversification Score 0 /10
Expense Ratio Score 6 /10
Expense Rating 3 /10
Market Score 8 /10
Category Score 0 /10
Overview Details
Fund Type ETF
Inception Date Oct-30-2014
Exchange NYSE ARCA
Expense Ratio 0.750%
Net Assets 3.65 Billion
Yield 0.30%
Description Info
Market Sector Equity
Category Healthcare
  • Basic Materials 0.00%
  • Communication Services 11.72%
  • Consumer Cyclicals 11.72%
  • Consumer Defensive 4.23%
  • Energy 0.00%
  • Financial Services 4.25%
  • Healthcare 35.56%
  • Industrials 4.90%
  • Real Estate 0.00%
  • Technology 27.63%
  • Utilities 0.00%
  • Africa/Middle East 8.05%
  • Europe Developed 6.32%
  • North America 85.63%


Vanguard Health Care Fund Investor Shares


Read More
Rating Type Rating
Expense Ratio Score 9 /10
Expense Rating 7 /10
Market Score 10 /10
Category Score 0 /10
Overview Details
Fund Type Mutual Fund
Inception Date May-23-1984
Exchange NMFQS
Expense Ratio 0.320%
Net Assets 48.4 Billion
Yield 1.05%
Description Info
Market Sector Equity
Category Healthcare
  • Basic Materials 0.00%
  • Communication Services 0.00%
  • Consumer Cyclical 0.00%
  • Consumer Defensive 0.00%
  • Energy 0.00%
  • Financial Services 0.00%
  • Healthcare 99.85%
  • Industrials 0.00%
  • Real Estate 0.15%
  • Technology 0.00%
  • Utilities 0.00%
  • Asia Emerging 0.94%
  • Europe Developed 11.12%
  • Japan 11.64%
  • Latin America 0.04%
  • North America 67.85%
  • United Kingdom 8.41%

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